China’s largest leader, Deng Xiao Ping, ordered the 3,000 Chinese People’s Liberation Army troops to enter southwest Vietnam in February 1979, when much was at stake in China. In just one month, the Chinese army easily occupied more than a dozen cities in North and West Vietnam, as the Vietnamese army lost little and sophisticated weapons.
Then it happened that on March 16, the small army left Vietnam, saying that it had taught the Vietnamese leadership a lesson. Apparently, the pervading Vietnam was punished for stopping the Soviet Union’s advance in the region, but blocking the path. The truth was something else.
A former colonel of the People’s Liberation Army, who has a keen eye on the history of the Chinese army, says that Vietnam was being punished for improving relations with the Soviet Union, but Xi Jinping actually wanted to organize the Chinese army.
He wanted the Chinese army to be in a position to provide immediate response in any major and dangerous situation, and to increase public confidence. In an interview with the South China Morning Post, he said that the Chinese army had not fought for a long time and Deng Xiaoping wanted to show the weaknesses of the Chinese army in the event of an attack on Vietnam so that their tactics could be remedied.
In the case of the invasion of Vietnam, not only Vietnam, China suffered a significant loss. Neutral sources say 80,000 Vietnamese were killed in the military operation, but 7,000 Chinese soldiers were killed and more than 15,000 were injured. Such a huge loss to the Chinese army at the hands of a small and fragile country like Vietnam gave Deng Xiaoping the opportunity to ensure a minimum of 1.5 million deductions in the Chinese army and put more emphasis on training.
Four decades later, China has become the second largest economy, and its army is equipped with the latest weapons, and especially with the help of the Chinese Navy’s extensive training and practice, it has been able to better meet national interests worldwide. Defense: Remembering the decade of 1970, it is difficult to imagine how the Chinese army was facing a crisis. Then, the Chinese military faced extraordinary inadequacies and inadequacies in internal management.
Pressure was mounted on the Chinese army to remedy the risks posed to the Chinese revolution. In addition to many cities, the countryside had to be handed over to the army. As a result, the army’s personnel reached a minimum of 6 million. Extraordinary help was received from the army to crush opponents of Chairman Mao Tse. Even the intellectuals were not prevented from crushing.
The advent of Vietnam has created a serious crisis for the Chinese military. On the one hand, the cost of training increased the cost of training and administrative expenses, and on the other hand, the fact that the lack of sophisticated weapons or poor training in running was a significant loss. Created his own shortcomings and mistakes.
There was also a problem with the command. The Chinese army did not know where to obey when it was the status of Al-Qaeda. It was necessary to reduce the volume of the Chinese army and reorganize it. All of this was necessary because under Deng Xiaoping, China had to adopt a policy of moving forward together rather than cut off from the rest of the world. Until Deng Xiaoping, the Chinese leadership was cut off from the rest of the world, isolated, absorbed in its own small world, and did not care what the rest of the world thinks of China.
In addition, at least half a dozen structural overhauls occurred, meaning that the structure of the army was changed and about 35 million soldiers were mobilized. These soldiers apparently didn’t need anything special. Problems arose when the military budget was reduced. Deng Xiaoping allowed the army to do business and solve its own financial problems.
Many Army units began selling crops grown on their land. Several other units started businesses by setting up companies. This helped to overcome the financial resources crisis for the military. The doors of military hospitals and hotels soon opened to civilians. Barracks and warehouses began to be leased, and the military presented its expertise in the construction sector to the civilian commercial sector.
All of this was seemingly very attractive. It was easy for the army. When she went on the path of generating resources for herself, her business potential was also good, but one of the major disadvantages was that corruption was on the rise. Army vehicles and number plates were also used for smuggling. Today, it is an open secret that trafficking in China’s coastal cities has grown remarkably well in the 1980s and 1990s.
Submarines and large ships, cars and household appliances were used to smuggle fuel. Fuel was also smuggled by passenger ships. Many senior military officers began to exploit the powers to fulfill their personal interests, and corruption spread. Matters deteriorated to such an extent that in 1998, the then Chinese leader Jiang Xi Min banned the military’s trade and business activities.
As a result, the army was able to defend the deficit it faced Budget significantly increased. By then China’s economy had been able to withstand an extraordinary increase in the defense budget, and in 2013 President Shi Jung-ping established his settlement on the most powerful Central Military Commission controlling the People’s Liberation Army. President Shi Jinping started a campaign to tackle corruption in the military.
As a result of this campaign two former chairman of the Central Military Commission could not escape accountability. In October 2017, more than 13,000 military officers were sentenced to severe penalties on corruption grounds, the People’s Liberation reported in October 2017.
Deng Xiaoping adopted an open-up policy, which paved the way for China to accept the West.
Michael Pulsebury, director of the Center for Chinese Strategy at Washington’s conservative think-tank Hudson Institute, says that the United States began to look at China in a non-discriminatory manner. Offered military aid. In his book “The Hundred Air Marathon,” Michael Pulsebury writes that China needed the latest weapons.
The United States provided it with six Weapon systems worth a billion dollars. Some top Chinese military sources in Beijing told the South China Morning Post that the US provided China with weapons as well as secret information about the former Soviet Union’s relations with Vietnam. According to Michael Pulsebery, the Chinese leadership He also offered that key chemicals could be set up to specialize in the fields of advanced technology such as genetic engineering and space flight.
The military-level relationship, however, had a limit that could not be overcome. Later, there were a few incidents that forced the political leadership to retreat. After the Tian Min Square incident in 1989, the United States halted arms supply to China, and in 1992 the US supplied 150 / F16 aircraft to Taiwan. Thus, the bond between the two powers once again became cold.
Nevertheless, the US military’s leadership motivated China to improve its defense. The US Air Force demonstrated in Kosovo and other regions that the Chinese leadership had no choice but to upgrade the fighter jet’s technology. London’s Aviation Intelligence website Flight Globe says China was once dominated by evil forces, but now China has more than 3,000 fighter jets and helicopters, which are the largest in the world after the US and Russia. Greater than air.
China has also focused on increasing naval power. At present, the Chinese Navy has an aircraft carrier. One ship will soon be part of the Chinese Navy and by 2030 four more aircraft will be part of the Chinese Navy. By force, the Chinese Navy is currently the largest naval force in the United States. China also has a large number of missiles. They also include DF-14 missiles, which have a range of up to 7500 km, and some sources say that China is capable of targeting any location in the United States with these missiles.
Chinese military sources also acknowledge the fact that the Chinese military has not yet reached the point of self-sufficiency in terms of technology. In terms of technology, it still has to rely on many parts acquired from overseas. On the one hand, China purchased large-scale jet fighters from Russia and got their technology, and on the other hand, with the help of third countries, the latest defense systems of the Western world.
China has paid special attention to buying technology along with finished products. Anthony Wang Dang, a Macau-based military expert, says Chinese experts have for a time been imitating the technology of the Western world, but have been laying off the skills needed to advance medical science and military affairs. This is why China still has to rely on many developed and especially Western countries in terms of defense.
The time has come to put Deng Xiaoping’s wishes into action. By 2050, China’s army is poised to become the world’s largest army. The Taiwanese conflict has apparently been prepared. In the East and South China Sea, the Chinese army has also prepared a lot of controversies. This time, the Chinese leadership does not appear to be in the mood to make a big mistake or give up.
The recaptured Chandigarh soldier has set up military bases. Through these bases he has been able to see the entire region, and in any case, the Chinese army has also been in a position of immediate response.
After the Djibouti African country, China is now planning to build a naval base in Pakistan’s Gwadar with Pakistani cooperation. China counts these two bases as logistic posts for peace missions or rescue operations in the Indian Ocean.
China and Pakistan have also deployed thousands of troops to the UN peacekeeping mission and continue to carry out operations against pirates in Somali waters. Despite all these facts, China’s ambitions in maritime affairs are viewed with skepticism. Inter-state affairs experts say a rapidly expanding trade war between the United States and China could motivate many countries in Asia, including the United States and other Western powers, to expand their involvement in the PAC.
Cole, a defense affairs specialist at S Raja Ratnam School of International Studies, Singapore N Sui Lin says that the world has seen the People’s Liberation Army’s involvement in peacekeeping missions around the world, but the efforts to tighten the siege around Taiwan and build ports and infrastructure in the South China Sea. The investment has raised concerns about the ambitions of China, not only the regional countries, but also the global community.
Colin Koh Swein says that China is more committed to President Xi Ping’s leadership. It is preparing to harness its full power, and in this regard, Caleb is China. His confidence is in anger. He wants to keep his word. The Chinese military is in full swing in this regard.
It is feared that the United States is going to declare unilateral withdrawal from a major international agreement on non-proliferation of nuclear weapons in the post-Cold War era. The agreement, called the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF), was signed in 1987 between then-US President Ronald Reagan and Soviet Union chief Mikhail Gorbachev.
The aim of this nuclear weapons deal is to stop the widespread destruction of weapons of mass destruction. Global experts called the deal a milestone. The United States recently said that Russia’s cruise missiles violated the agreement. Russia denies the US accusation. US President Donald Trump confirmed in October last year that the United States would withdraw from the nuclear non-proliferation agreement.
Russia’s Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryb Kov has said that withdrawal from the US deal is inevitable and that the US move would have a serious shock to global efforts to disarm nuclear weapons, a German government spokesman has said. It is Russia’s responsibility to take steps to protect this agreement. According to British newspaper The Guardian, President Trump’s national security adviser John Bolton is trying to get the US to withdraw from the deal, while the US Department of Defense is against the effort.
Malcolm Chalmers, director-general of the Royal United Services Institute, a leading UK-based research firm, said that “it will produce the most severe nuclear non-proliferation crisis since the 1980s. If the INF agreement ends, And now that the ammunition deal is about to begin in 2021, it will be the first time since 1972 that the world will be without a contract for any weapons and non-proliferation of nuclear weapons.
The “Start”, the Strategic Arms Reaction Treaty, a global arms-ammunition agreement, was signed between Russia and the United States in 1991 and went into effect in 1994. The purpose of the deal was to reduce the nuclear weapons and long-range missiles and widespread destructive weapons between the two world powers at that time.
Yesterday, representatives of the US and Russia held talks in Beijing on efforts to save the INF, which now seems to have failed. The US says that if Russia does not destroy missiles launched in Europe in violation of the agreement, it will be separated from the INF next week.
If Russia and the United States increase this surplus, it will certainly reach China directly, while the US will be using its bases in the Arabian Sea to ensure its presence in the region, making it difficult for petrol and shipping vessels to operate and ship shipping routes. While China’s policy of superpowers in the world is its growing global economic development, it is well-known for its late completion of projects such as the SeaPeak and the “One Roadon Belt”.
India has been the most worried India since the US withdrawal in Afghanistan, which has seen years of heavy investment in its US-based interests and imams, where India is trying its best in the presidential elections in Afghanistan with its supporter Abdullah Ashraf Ghani. Succeed in gaining power in the way, while Afghanistan’s elections focus on Russia, China, Iran, and other countries in the region.
China needs to secure Afghanistan from civil war in order to secure SeaPak’s success so that the ground path can be restored with the six states that have gained independence from the Soviet Union, and this is possible only if the peace and security situation in Afghanistan is completely different.