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Enhancing endogenous power is the key to getting rid of poverty at this stage

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has taken poverty alleviation and tackling the hardships as the political task and strategic goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way. The pace of poverty alleviation has become more solid, fast and effective. The report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China clearly stated that the overall goal of China’s poverty alleviation is to ensure that the rural poor will be lifted out of poverty under the current standards of China in the year of 2002, and all the poverty-stricken counties will be removed to solve the problem of regional poverty as a whole. It is really out of poverty. On the whole, China’s poverty alleviation has now reached the sprint stage of hard-core and hard-hitting. Years of poverty alleviation practice have repeatedly proved that poverty alleviation must effectively improve the ability of poverty alleviation targets to self-reliance and stimulate the endogenous motivation of poverty-stricken areas and poor people. This is a sustainable program to consolidate the results of poverty alleviation after 2020, which will help to fundamentally improve the quality of poverty alleviation and achieve long-term, sustained, stable and thorough poverty alleviation.

Enhancing endogenous power is the key to getting rid of poverty at this stage

General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: “Poverty-stricken areas may rely on their own efforts, policies, strengths, and advantages to fly first in specific areas to compensate for the disadvantages brought about by poverty.” (Xi Jinping: “Get Rid of Poverty”, Fujian People’s Publishing House 1992 Year edition, p. 3) He also repeatedly proposed to stimulate endogenous motivation, mobilize the enthusiasm of poverty-stricken areas and poor people, and encourage cadres and the masses in poverty-stricken areas to inspire the ambition and endogenous motivation to get out of poverty, with a more inspiring state of mind and more Solid work style, self-reliance, hard work, and a strong force to win the battle against poverty.

The key to stimulating endogenous power is to combine poverty alleviation with Fuzhi and Fuzhi to improve the poverty alleviation capacity of the poor and fundamentally solve the poverty problem. “Fuzhi” refers to helping the mind, supporting the concept, and supporting confidence, helping the poor to build up their fighting spirit and courage to get rid of poverty. “Fuzhi” refers to the ability to help knowledge, support technology, and support ideas, and improve the ability of poor people to participate in economic and social activities to earn income. Zhizhi Shuangfu is the core of endogenous poverty alleviation. Among them, “Fuzhi” is the ideological foundation, and “Fuzhi” is the intellectual security. The two are related to each other and are indispensable. Poverty alleviation does not “help”, the purpose of poverty alleviation is difficult to achieve, even if it is temporarily out of poverty, it may return to poverty again. Poverty alleviation does not “help the wisdom”, it will lack knowledge, no longevity, and even cause intergenerational transmission of poverty.

Therefore, General Secretary Xi Jinping stressed that it is necessary to focus on mobilizing the enthusiasm, initiative and creativity of the poor, paying attention to cultivating the basic skills of the poor to develop production and doing business, focusing on stimulating the intrinsic vitality of poverty-stricken areas and poor people to get rid of poverty and focus on improving poverty-stricken areas. And the ability of the poor to develop themselves. (Speech at the Symposium on Poverty Alleviation in Deep Poverty Areas, People’s Publishing House, 2017, pp. 16-17)

Enhancing endogenous power is the key to getting rid of poverty at this stage

Aside from the constraints of historical factors and the natural environment, the root cause of poverty lies mainly in the weak ability and opportunities of the poor to generate income. Therefore, the first thing to get rid of poverty is not to get rid of material poverty, but to get rid of poverty of consciousness and ideas. We must attach great importance to the current poverty-stricken mentality, lack of knowledge and skills, limited employment opportunities, and opportunities for the poor, and take effective measures to effectively solve these problems.

Poor mentality. Some of the poor people are deeply influenced by traditional ideas, conservative in thinking, fear of change, lack of courage and confidence to make a living in poverty-stricken practice, or lack of enthusiasm for changing the status quo, learning technology, collecting information, and using the Internet, pinning their hopes for poverty alleviation Government assistance and social relief, “wait, rely on, want” serious thinking. Some poor groups, especially the poor youth groups, are deeply influenced by consumerism, pursue enjoyment, lack long-term development planning and efforts, lack of asset reserves in education, medical care, housing and other matters, which is not conducive to the health and sustainability of individuals and families. development of.

Lack of knowledge and skills. Most of the poor people have low cultural quality, lack of basic knowledge and vocational skills, and generally lack of poverty alleviation. Studies have shown that the education level of poor people in rural and urban areas in China is significantly lower than that of non-poor people. At the same time, the basic skills of poor people in developing production and doing business are generally lacking, and it is difficult to adapt to the demand for technological progress in economic and social development. The lack of knowledge and skills not only makes the poor people vulnerable to elimination in the highly competitive labor market, but also limits their employment choices to low- and middle-income levels, which is not conducive to improving the status quo of poverty.

Enhancing endogenous power is the key to getting rid of poverty at this stage

Employment opportunities are limited. At this stage, China’s poor people face problems such as information occlusion, shortage of resources, and weak organization in employment. The poor mainly self-employed through informal channels, and still exhibit typical spontaneous, blind, and clan characteristics in going out to work, mostly engaged in temporary and low-income jobs.

Strengthening the endogenous motivation in poverty-stricken areas is a systematic project that requires both the efforts of the poverty alleviation targets themselves and the participation of government support and social forces.

Enhance the subjective consciousness of the poor. It is necessary to cultivate the independence and independence of the poor, give full play to their initiative and creativity, and let them realize that they are the main body of anti-poverty. The policies of the party and the government are only external support, and they cannot support government subsidies and counterparts. Resource transmission creates dependence so that real poverty reduction and development in rural areas can be achieved. For example, through microfinance, the self-employment and income increase of the poor can be promoted; the knowledge and skills of the poor can be improved through education and technical training; and the professional cooperatives can be organized to improve the self-organization ability of the poor and foster market awareness. Risk awareness and competition awareness; and so on. Through these measures, we will tap and inspire the intrinsic ability of the poor to improve the self-development and self-creation of the poor, thus laying the foundation for the complete elimination of poverty.

Appropriate policy support and guidance. Guide various types of financial poverty alleviation funds, integrate financial resources, and actively support poor areas and poor people to conduct practical exploration. Establish an information resource sharing mechanism, establish and improve the basic information of poor households and the project library information of Zhizhi and Fuzhi, and build an information sharing platform and a public service platform to ensure the effective implementation of the work. Establish an incentive mechanism to enhance the enthusiasm of poverty alleviation workers and poor people to participate in the practice of “Fuzhi” and “Fuzhi” projects, and promote healthy competition. Guide social investment and social forces to participate, and form an endogenous poverty alleviation pattern with multiple forces and multiple measures combined with each other and supported by each other. Policy support and guidance will help to build a poverty alleviation policy system that is both Zhizhi and Zhifu, and provide institutional guarantee for endogenous poverty alleviation.

Improve the transfer of financial funds. Continue to play the government’s transfer payment to protect the people’s livelihood, and actively explore the positive incentives of transfer payments. Establish a transfer payment system that is conducive to promoting endogenous poverty alleviation, and develop a transfer payment project that combines “Fuzhi” and “Fuzhi”. In view of the relative fragmentation, relative dispersion and unsustainability of the existing poverty alleviation transfer payment projects, we actively explored the integration effects and long-term effects of transfer payment projects on the smart development and career promotion of the poor. We will improve the transfer payment mechanism such as tax incentives, interest subsidy support, financial rewards, financing guarantees, and risk compensation, and strengthen the overall coordination of the “Fuzhi” and “Fuzhi” projects. The transfer of financial funds helps to encourage poverty alleviation workers and poor people to participate in poverty alleviation services that combine “Fuzhi” and “Fuzhi” to provide financial support for endogenous poverty alleviation and development.

Enhancing endogenous power is the key to getting rid of poverty at this stage

Give play to the power of social intermediary organizations. Social intermediary organizations are a force that cannot be ignored in endogenous poverty alleviation and development. Social intermediary organizations can help balance social conflicts of interest and promote the positive effects of different poverty alleviation subjects on endogenous poverty alleviation projects. It can provide professional, service activities such as coordination, evaluation and contact for the government, enterprises, social groups and individuals to participate in the “Fuzhi” and “Fuzhi” service projects, and become a bridge and link between the government, society, enterprises and individuals. We must vigorously develop different types of social intermediary organizations, such as poverty alleviation associations, industry associations, employment guidance associations, service evaluation agencies, etc., to provide information communication, social coordination, brokerage, and consultation for the coordination of “Fuzhi” and “Fuzhi”. Planning, supervision and evaluation services. Social intermediary organizations should innovate service projects, use of funds, and ways of public participation, build service platforms for endogenous poverty alleviation and development, and open up service channels.

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